Papillon Scarf: A Free Crochet Pattern

Crochet Scarf Pattern


free crochet pattern for scarf

This is a free crochet pattern for a scarf. It is made with simple crochet stitches.

Papillon is the French word for butterfly. For this scarf I used the butterfly stitch, where you crochet 3 rows of chains together with a single crochet. This gives a special effect, where the chains spread out mimicking butterfly wings.

The scarf is meant to be a decorative scarf, since the big holes will not give any warmth. The mercerized cotton gives a nice shine to the project and it is also thick enough, so the project works up fast:-) This would be a perfect gift, when you have to crochet something in a short period of time.


Yarn 2 skeins Drops Muskat, #13 Marine Blue, 100%  mercerized cotton 50g – 109yards/100m.

If this specific yarn is not available to you, you could substitute it with yarn that has some silk in it. Choose a yarn that is a little stiff and gives a good stitch definition.

Hook 4 mm    US: G/6

Tapestry needle

Finished size

Level Easy for a beginner crocheter

Width: 4 inches   Length: 75 inches.

Free Crochet Scarf Pattern

Chain 16

Row 1    Chain 3, 16 dc.

Row 2    Chain 3, 2 dc, chain 6, skip 4, 3 dc, chain 6, skip 4, 3 dc.

Row 3    As row 2

Row 4    Chain 3, 2 dc, chain 3, 1 sc that crochets row 2,3 and 4 together, chain3, skip 4, 3 dc, chain 3, 1 sc that crochets row 2,3 and 4 together, chain 3, skip 4, 3 dc.

Continue working row 2,3 and 4 until you reach the desired length.

Last row:  3 chains, 16 dc across.

Cut yarn and weave in ends.

Below you see the charted version of the scarf:

crochet chart for papillon scarf
Papillon stitch guide



dc   =   double crochets

sc   =   single crochets

Note  This pattern is written with US crochet terms.

If you are not familiar with these, see my conversion chart Crochet Terms in US, UK, German and Danish.

If you don’t know how to read crochet charts/diagrams read my Tutorial how to read Crochet Charts.

Need inspiration for yarn types for this crochet scarf pattern? See which yarns were chosen by other crocheters on Ravelry.

Download PDF pattern

You can also download this pattern as a PDF. Just click on the button below.


If you still have trouble understanding the pattern, please watch this video someone uploaded on Youtube. The video will not exactly show you how I made the scarf. The pattern in the video is slightly different from mine. But it will give you an idea how you crochet the chain stitches together to achieve the butterfly effect, which makes this scarf look so pretty.

109 thoughts on “Papillon Scarf: A Free Crochet Pattern

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  4. I wish there was a video tutorial. I don’t at all understand the single crocheting of several rows together. ???? I have Googled it and cannot find anything about how to crochet rows together. Totally lost.

  5. Just finished the scarf in the Amazing Maui yarn from Lionbrand. Really pretty. I have done several scarfs in all kinds of yarn. What I did this time after I finished it was stretch it side to side all the way down the scarf and it makes all the “butterflies” fall into place. Kind of an instant blocking.

    • Hi Mary,
      Great to hear you find a way to make the scarf look good :-)
      Yarns work out very differently and blocking will definitely improve the look of this pattern for many yarn types.

  6. Hello, thank you for this simple but beautiful pattern. I saved this to Pinterest some time ago and am crocheting it as I type. Easy to follow instructions. I’m using a beautiful sequin yarn by King Cole called Galaxy.

  7. I just finished this scarf, it is my first one to make and I love this pattern. I will be looking for different things to do with it. Thanks for sharing

  8. I played with this stitch a little bit to see if it I would like how it turned out with only one papillon and it was beautiful I will be using this stitch to make the straps of my wedding dress. Thank you for sharing the pattern. :)

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  10. I can’t wait to get home and try this pattern. I read a few different sets of instructions on how to perform the butterfly stitch and I must say, the chart included is FANTASTIC! I’ve only been crocheting for a few months; I made a few scarves and blankets and was getting frustrated that I couldn’t get beyond the usual beginner stitches. Is the chart a common thing? I have yet to see it anywhere else. wouldn’t it be great if there was a site that could translate a pattern into a chart, just like this one!

    • Hi Jennifer,
      Glad you like the Papillon scarf.
      I only crochet patterns, that have charts included – it is just too time consuming to crochet after written-only patterns. Robyn Chachula and Kristin Omdahl are crochet designers, that often use charts in their patterns. You could also do a search on Ravelry, to find patterns that include charts.

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  12. This afternoon I made a sample in worsted weight yarn to get the hang of the pattern. This is the first time that I fully appreciated the chart that is included. So tonight I did about 12 inches in an
    Italian yarn that is a lovely soft green wool and nettle. Nettle? Isn’t that a weed? hehe
    This is a stupid question but here goes. Do you count the first chain as the one that you pull
    through the foundation chain or is it the second one considered the first chain? Thanks.
    This is a lovely pattern and it really looks like rocket science but that is our secred!

    • I’ve made several Papillons also. If you notice the picture on the mannequin, there is a couple rows of garter stitch before you start the chains. Then start pattern. I’ve also added a couple rows of garter at the far end when it gets to the length I want. It evens it out

      • I am 3/4 finished with the Papplion scarf. It is like eating peanuts; one more row. Anyway,
        I was thinking that perhaps a scarf made with just the chains (instead of catching them) would
        be another idea. Also I have figured out that if I slightly pull the piece crosswise you can easily see the next appropriate insertion space rather than guessing. Especially good with thin yarn.
        With thicker yarn I can feel my way through. mary

        • Hi Mary,
          Others have made different versions of the scarf, – you can see this on Ravelry. Some have made more or less papillons in the middle of the scarf.
          Hope you are soon finished with the scarf ;-)

          • Thanks. I looked on Ravelry and I think yours is the most spectacular and impressive. I made two of the scarves this weekend. The green Woodland yarn one and I just finished a lovely green
            scarf with green heart shaped sequins to give as a gift for St. Patrick’s Day. Now my eyes are falling out of my head! Think I will try
            one with heavier yarn and a larger hook. and just do chains. Mary

          • Hi Mary,
            Great to hear the pattern works out for you with so many yarn types. I just tried the cotton yarn, since I wanted a scarf, where the stitch pattern comes out very well. Cotton is kind of a ‘hard’ yarn.

    • I’m sorry. Just looked at my comment of a couple minutes ago. I’m also knitting a sweater. You do a row of double crochet on the foundation chain. Then when it gets to the proper length, you do
      another row of double crochet. No knitting required!!!

    • Hi Mary,
      I am not sure I understand your question completely.
      You make the foundation chain, then you crochet 3 chains (which count as one double crochet) and you start the first row by inserting the hook into the 4th chain from your hook.

      Hope this helps :-)

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  17. Hello!
    I just am just about finished with this scarf and LOVE it!! Thanks so much for posting. I have one question about finishing. I’m just not clear how the last row I can do the 16 dc. Can you please help?

    Thanks so much!

    • Hi Amber,
      Great to hear you like the scarf!
      In the last row you chain 3; 2 times: 1 double crochet in next stitch; 4 double crochets into the space where the butterfly stitch is crocheted; 3 times: 1 double crochet in next stitch; 4 double crochets into the space where the butterfly stitch is crocheted, 3 times: 1 double crochet in next stitch.

      Hope this helps :-)

  18. To make this a little wider (3 repeats across), would I begin with 24 or 27 chains? Is the pattern multiples of 8 ? A little confused as you mentioned to chain 16 plus 3.

    Imade a sample using Bernat Softee Chunky using the pattern as above and it measures six inches wide and would like it a bit wider. I used a L hook and it is beautiful. Thank you for posting.

    • Hi Ann,
      The pattern repeat is 7. So for a 3 repeat scarf, you will need 23 chains as a foundation chain (16 + 7).
      In row 1 the first 3 chains are the turning chains.
      Feel free to contact me, if you have any further questions.

  19. I just finished the scarf after starting it yesterday morning. It worked up very easily. The only thing I changed was to make it 3 butterflies wide as odd numbers always look more balanced to me. I’ll be making more of this pattern for gifts and a charity sale. I think it will do well a variegated fiber and gearing by seasonal colors.

    Thanks for sharing.

    • Hi Maureen,
      Great to hear the pattern worked out for you! As you can read in the comments to the scarf several people have changed the pattern with success: Made the scarf wider like you or made it to an infinity scarf.

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  21. Hi there! Thanks for such a great, simple pattern. I’m one of those people who can’t follow a pattern if it kills me, so I made a few tweeks others might be interested in. First of all, I made it into an infinity scarf/cowl instead of a long hanging scarf. To do this, I made the foundation chain but skipped the first row of double crochets. So I combined rows 1, 2, and 3 with my single crochet instead of 2,3, and 4, if that makes sense. Also, I doubled the width (32 instead of 16 in my foundation) and did half the length so it drapes nicely as an infinity scarf. Plus, it’s actually a tiny bit more for warmth. When I got to the end, I slip stitched the double crochets into the foundation chain where they lined up. You can’t see where it started! Thanks for the inspiration :)

  22. Thank you for this pattern! Not only is the scarf beautiful, but you have posted the first instructions I have been able to follow by just reading them – not by watching on Youtube! ; ) Thank you!

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  24. Hi,

    I have to tell you that I love the pattern. I have had several request from family, friends, and co-workers asking if I can make them one and make it available on my website when I get it up and running. I wanted to ask your permission. Would you mind if I used your pattern? I will make sure that I state you are the owner of the pattern. Thank you again. It is a lovely pattern.

  25. I have never crochet anything before until I made this scarf. It was so easy to follow and I even made an extra hole across. I would love to send you a photo but I don’t know how. Thanks for the pattern. Giannetta.

  26. Love this pattern it’s on my hook now. I would add beads for a future one … possibly will play & use it for a beaded shrug ;)

  27. Hi! I made this scarf and loved it. I am new to crocheting. Does it matter what type of yarn I use? I like anything cotton. How do I know what hook to use?

    • Hi Ellie,
      It depends on what kind of result you want to achieve with the finished product:
      I used mercerized cotton, because it is more solid than wool and it gives you a better stitch definition, so the lace effect will come out better. A yarn with bamboo or silk in it will give the scarf a nice sheen and stitch definition as well.
      You could try doing the scarf with thicker/thinner yarn and experiment with different hook sizes. Make different swatches, where you use different hook sizes with the same yarn.

      On Ravelry you can see the scarf made with different yarns.

  28. In Florida scarves are more for decoration, I made papillon as single design instead of two, lovely and decorative, just an extra loop around the neck for warmth. Thanks for the pattern.

  29. Beautiful. Wish you could add an icon that says printer view or for printer so we could print out without all the comments. Thanks

  30. This pattern worked up really quickly, and looks cute. I had a small problem at first, with Row 3. When you do the 6 chains on that row, the next DC is actually skipping 6 (the chains on Row 2), not 4,(the DC s from row 1.=). Once I figured that out, everything else was easy!
    I also used a foundation DC rather than chaining first and doing DC back along the chain. Made the scarf in a worsted-weight variegated which gave it a nice look.

  31. We are a group of senior citizens, and I’m one of the teachers. We do crochet and knitting. We wish to have a craft sale to make money to purchase a new wheelchair. Could you please give us permission to sell a few scarves from this pattern? At the moment, 2 ladies are crocheting, and 7 ladies are knitting. Thank you . Miriam Otera

    • Hi Miriam,
      You are welcome to use my pattern for that purpose.
      If you are on Ravelry, you can see the pattern made in different types of colours and fiber content. – Just to get some inspiration.
      I didn’t have to block the scarf, but the scarf might look better if you block it, when you use a different fiber type.
      Good luck with your project!

  32. OK I’m stuck on row 4 in chain 3 and did 2 double crochet and then I chain 3, but I’m not getting the part about single crochet 2,3 and 4 together. One person say you have to work around and I’m still lost. I dont know where to put my hook at first.

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  34. I think this is a lovely pattern, but am having trouble getting yarns to suit a lot of American patterns. Can you give me some advice on where to get this yarn in Australia? Many thanks

  35. Hi :), please can you explain how to single crochet the chains together? I’m not sure how far along the chain to put the hook in, or how many single chains to put the hook through before completing the SC, and the chart does and doesn’t make sense to me! Sorry! Thanks!

    • Hi Steph,
      I don’t understand where you get stuck. You crochet the chains and then you crochet row 2,3 and 4 together by making a single crochet in row 4 around those 2 rows beneath.
      I have 2 tutorials on my blog, where you can read about how to understand crochet charts. If you understand those tutorials, you should be able to read the chart for the scarf.
      Hope this helps :-)

  36. Love this, Birgit! Simple but effective. Drops Muskat is one of my favourite yarns for crochet too – just because of the lovely colour range.

  37. Thank you for an EXCELLENT pattern. I LOVE the diagram – remarkably helpful. I wish everyone would do a diagram with their patterns. I started this last night, and think I will embellish the centers of the papillons with tiny beads or sequins.

  38. Beautiful, quick pattern. I just made one in a cotton hombre and it’s so adorable! Great color accent piece. Thanks so much.

  39. This is the first time I’ve tried to crochet by chart. Normally at the end of the row you chain and then turn. I’m having a hard time not turning. I feel like I’m trying to crochet backwards. Am I doing something wrong? Do I turn? Help please!

    • you understood me perfectly. I wasn’t sure because some of the instructions said that one row was worked left to right and then the next row was worked right to left and nothing said chain one, turn. So I was a little confused. So basically you chain and turn between all rows then? That’s what I’m getting.

      • A turn is also indicated by the crochet chart as well. The front side (FS) of the pattern is indicated in the black parts of the chart, and the back side (BS) of the pattern that you work after the turn is in blue. This way, even if the pattern doesn’t specifically state for you to turn, you can tell if you are supposed to by looking at the chart colors!
        Hope that helps!

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